Abstract: Iraq entered 2020 with a caretaker prime minister following his resignation after weeks of protests centered in the Shiite dominated south and the capital, Baghdad. However, the US assassination of Qasım Suleimani, Head of Iranian Quds Forces and Abu Mahdi Muhandis of Ketaeb Hezbollah, at Baghdad Airport in the early hours of January 3rd renders the question about what is next for Iraq more exigent. It took several months to reach a consensus on the formation of the government after the elections in May 2018 and, as expected, Prime Minister Adel Abdulmahdi was unable to serve more than a year. He had to resign in December 2019 after the protests demanding provision of basic services, an end to corruption and to the influence of foreign powers in the country. Despite the complicated situation of Iraq as it entered 2020, there were some hopes of a complete overhaul of the political system following the prime minister’s resignation. But then came attacks on US bases by Ketaeb Hezbollah and US retaliation, further attacks on the US embassy in Green Zone and finally the assassination of Suleimani by the USA. As a result, Iraq is more likely to continue being a battleground between the USA and Iran in 2020.