october, 2020

13oct12:0014:00Seminar on Political Islam Movements in the Second Wave of Arab Uprisings


Event Description

In December 2018, eight years after Mohamed Bouazizi’s self-immolation in Sidi Bouzid in Tunisia sparked the Arab Uprisings, fuel and bread riots erupted in Sudan’s north-eastern city of Atbara. Popular mobilizations intensified during 2019 and spread to four other Arab republics in what came to be referred to as the second wave of the Arab Uprisings. These events culminated in the ousting of the Algerian and Sudanese Presidents, Abdul-Aziz Bouteflika and Omar al-Bashir respectively, as well as the resignation of the Lebanese Prime Minister Saad al- Hariri and his Iraqi counterpart Adel Abdel Mahdi. This wave of events came as a total surprise since they happened at a time when people in the Arab world had developed an “Arab Spring fatigue.”

Within Al-Sharq Forum taskforce, the researchers were mainly concerned with how the Political Islam movements (PIM) and parties as the predominant socio-political actors in both the first and second wave countries have affected, and in turn have been affected, by these uprisings. In contrast to the first wave, where PIM were in the opposition struggling against incumbent rulers and regimes, these movements were positioned differently in the second wave. In all of the four cases we see some sections of Islamists either as rulers or as supporters of and partners in the existing regime. Being the target of popular mobilizations rather than their active organizers (or being both in some cases) creates a very different dynamic for Political Islam in all these cases under study. In each case study, the researchers discuss the socio-political contexts in order to highlight the conditions under which PIM act and react. They also map the positions of Islamist actors in each case study and discuss the ways in which these uprisings affected their political orientation, strategy, and behavior.


(Tuesday) 12:00 - 14:00


Online - Zoom

Speakers for this event

  • Emad Shahin

    Emad Shahin

    Senior Fellow at Georgetown University

    Emad Shahin is the Dean of the College of Islamic Studies (CIS), Hamad bin Khalifa University, Qatar Foundation and a Senior Fellow at Georgetown University. Before joining CIS, he was the Hasib Sabbagh Distinguished Visiting Chair of Arabic and Islamic Studies, visiting professor of Political Science at Georgetown University and the editor-in-chief of The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics. He is tenured professor of public policy, The American University in Cairo (on leave). Shahin holds a Ph.D. (1989) from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, M.A. (1983) and BA (1980) from the American University in Cairo. He has taught in leading universities in the United States including Harvard, Notre Dame, Georgetown, George Washington, and Boston University. His research and teaching interests focus on Islam and Politics Comparative Politics, Democracy and Political Reform in Muslim societies, and Political Economy of the Middle East.

    Senior Fellow at Georgetown University

  • Mohammad Affan

    Mohammad Affan

    Training Director at Al-Sharq Forum

    Mohammad Affan is the Training Director at Al-Sharq Forum. A medical doctor by training, Affan obtained his MA degree in Political Science from the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at the American University of Cairo (2015). He also holds three post-graduate diplomas: One in “Civil Society and Human Rights”, from the Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences at Cairo University (2010), another one in Political Research and Studies from the Institute of Arab Research and Studies at the Arab League (2012), and the third diploma in Islamic Studies from the Higher Institute for Islamic Studies in Cairo (2012). Among his publications is his book titled: “Wahhabism and the Brotherhood: the conflict on the concept of the state and the legitimacy of power.” Affan is currently pursuing his PhD in the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies at the Exeter Univesity in the UK. His research interests include, Islamism, State-Theory, and Comparative MENA Studies.

    Training Director at Al-Sharq Forum

  • Ismail Yaylaci

    Ismail Yaylaci

    Assistant professor at Istanbul Sehir University

    Ismail Yaylaci is an assistant professor at Istanbul Sehir University in the department of political science and international relations. He received his PhD from University of Minnesota Social Sciences Institute Political Science in 2014. His research interests are: international relations theory, critical social and political theory, Islamism, and Middle Eastern politics.

    Assistant professor at Istanbul Sehir Un...

  • Chafic Choucair

    Chafic Choucair

    Researcher at Al Jazeera Centre for Studies

    Chafic Choucair is a researcher at the Al Jazeera Center for Studies specializing in the affairs of the Mashreq (Levant region) and Islamist movements. He holds a PhD in Islamic studies. His research interests include crises in the Levant region, especially the Syrian issue; the Arab-Israeli struggle; Sunni and Shiite trends; and jihadist groups and their intellectual and jurisprudential rhetoric and political orientations.

    Researcher at Al Jazeera Centre for Stud...

  • Tamer Badawi

    Tamer Badawi

    Associate Fellow at Al Sharq Strategic Research

    Tamer Badawi is a Research Fellow at Al Sharq Forum. He received an M.A. in International Relations (with a major in International Political Economy) from Central European University in 2016 and a B.A. in Oriental Studies from Alexandria University in 2013. He is a regular contributor to Sada, an online publication managed by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He also contributes reports to the Doha-based Aljazeera Center for Studies. Research interests: The political economy of the Middle East, economic development in post-JCPOA Iran, and global energy market trends.

    Associate Fellow at Al Sharq Strategic R...

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