This roundtable meeting was complementary to an event held by Al Sharq Forum in February 2018, titled “ Political Trends after Arab uprisings: The Transformation of Political Islam in a Changing Regional (Dis-)Order”. This event, which brought together political Islam leaders, activists, and academics studying political Islam movements, aimed to map: the regional and international changes and the threats and opportunities they carry to PIMs in the MENA region and the institutional and ideological transformations as a response to (post-) Arab spring changing politics. There was also a special focus given to the debate about the effects of political exclusion on the dynamics of moderation of PIMs.