Protests erupt after fuel and bread price rises are announced.
January 1, 2019
Sudan’s Reform Now Movement withdraws from government. The National Front for Change and the Forces of Freedom and Change FFC alliances are formed.
January 3, 2019
Declaration of Freedom and Change is signed in Khartoum.
February 22, 2019
President al-Bashir declares state of emergency and dissolves the government.
February 24, 2019
Security forces fire live bullets on protestors
April 6, 2019
Activists begin sit-in at military headquarters. The protests gain momentum after the resignation of Algeria’s President Abdelaziz Bouteflika earlier in the week.
April 11, 2019
Defense minister announces that al-Bashir is toppled and that the Transitional Military Council TMC is formed. Sit-ins continue.
April 12, 2019
Gen. Abdel-Fattah Burhan replaces the coup leader, Awad Mohammed Ibn Auf, after street rallies against him.
April 13, 2019
Sudan’s ruling military council has held talks with the organizers of mass protests demanding a civilian-led transition to democracy.
April 17, 2019
Al-Bashir is taken to Kobar prison.
April 19, 2019
Massive sit-in in front of the military headquarters in Khartoum to demand a civilian transitional council.
April 21, 2019
Talks between the TMC and civilian representatives are suspended.
April 23, 2019
The TMC meets representatives of the Coalition Forces 2020.
April 25, 2019
Three top generals of the ruling TMC resign under pressure from mounting protests.
April 26, 2019
Islamist preachers call for pro-military rally. Formation of the Trend of the Support of Sharia and the Rule of Law (TSSRL).
April 27, 2019
Protest leaders resume talks with the ruling TMC.
May 15, 2019
Military and civilians announce agreement on a three-year transition period.
May 16, 2019
Talks postponed as military demands some barricades are removed.
May 25, 2019
Thousands of Islamists rally to support military-backed Islamic rule in Khartoum.
June 3, 2019
Massacre – Activists announce the suspension of talks with the military, accusing them of using force to disperse their sit-in.
June 4, 2019
Internet service suspended.
June 6, 2019
African Union suspends Sudan after the violent crackdown on protesters.
June 9, 2019
Civil disobedience campaign started.
June 11, 2019
FFC agreed to end the civil disobedience.
June 12, 2019
16 military officers arrested in attempted coup d’état.
June 16, 2019
Trial of al-Bashir.
June 23, 2019
TMC turns down a proposal for power-sharing deal.
June 30, 2019
Massive protests take place on the 30th anniversary of the al-Ingaz coup.
July 3, 2019
Talks resume between TMC and FFC.
July 5, 2019
Provisional Agreement between the FFC and the TMC. The Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF) denounce the agreement and call for a meeting with the FFC.
July 7, 2019
SRF deny withdrawal from Sudan’s FFC.
July 9, 2019
Internet service restored.
July 11, 2019
Failed coup-attempt – 12 officers and four soldiers detained.
July 17, 2019
The TMC and FFC sign a political accord to form a power-sharing body. The SRF reject the agreement on the transitional document.
July 24, 2019
Failed coup-attempt – Arrests included the head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the commander of the armored corps, and the commander of the Central District, as well as leading figures of the Islamist Movement. In total 54 arrested.
July 25, 2019
The political and armed groups within the FFC reach an agreement.
July 27, 2019
FFC rejects the findings of an investigation commission into the brutal attack on the June 3 massacre.
July 28, 2019
FFC finalize the comments on the Constitutional Declaration draft. The article on immunity from prosecution for the Sudan Armed Forces is removed.
July 29, 2019
Sudanese security forces open fire on a demonstration in Al- Abyad city.
July 30, 2019
Hemetti meets with al-Sissi in Cairo. Curfew in North Kordofan after fatal shooting of five protesters.
July 31, 2019
Sudanese authorities released al-Bashir for hours to attend his mother’s funeral. His trial is also postponed to an undetermined date for security reasons.
August 4, 2019
FFC and TMC sign constitutional declaration.
August 17, 2019
FFC and TMC seal a power-sharing deal.
August 21, 2019
Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok and members of the Sovereign Council sworn in.
September 8, 2019
The transitional government sworn in.
October 14, 2019
The sovereign council and SPLM-N start talks in Juba.
November 21, 2019
Arrest of Ali al-Haj, the secretary-general of the PCP, on the background of the accusation of participating in the 1989 coup.
November 29, 2019
The law of Dismantling the al-Inqaz regime is enacted in a joint meeting of the Transitional Sovereign Council (TSC) and the cabinet council.
December 10, 2019
The Head of the TSC, Abdul-Fattah al-Burhan forms “The Committee of al-Inqaz Disempowerment”.
December 14, 2019
Al-Bashir is convicted of corruption and sentenced to a two-year placement in a reform institution with the confiscation of his money.