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December 19, 2018


Protests erupt after fuel and bread price rises are announced.


January 1, 2019

middle east monitor

Sudan’s Reform Now Movement withdraws from government. The National Front for Change and the Forces of Freedom and Change FFC alliances are formed.

January 3, 2019

January 3, 2019

Declaration of Freedom and Change is signed in Khartoum.

February 22, 2019


President al-Bashir declares state of emergency and dissolves the government.

February 24, 2019

Middle East Online

Security forces fire live bullets on protestors

April 6, 2019

Voa News

Activists begin sit-in at military headquarters. The protests gain momentum after the resignation of Algeria’s President Abdelaziz Bouteflika earlier in the week.

April 11, 2019


Defense minister announces that al-Bashir is toppled and that the Transitional Military Council TMC is formed. Sit-ins continue.

April 12, 2019


Gen. Abdel-Fattah Burhan replaces the coup leader, Awad Mohammed Ibn Auf, after street rallies against him.

April 13, 2019

Anadolu Agency

Sudan’s ruling military council has held talks with the organizers of mass protests demanding a civilian-led transition to democracy.

April 17, 2019

Middle East Online

Al-Bashir is taken to Kobar prison.

April 19, 2019

April 19, 2019

Massive sit-in in front of the military headquarters in Khartoum to demand a civilian transitional council.

April 21, 2019


Talks between the TMC and civilian representatives are suspended.

April 23, 2019


The TMC meets representatives of the Coalition Forces 2020.

April 25, 2019

April 25, 2019

Three top generals of the ruling TMC resign under pressure from mounting protests.

April 26, 2019

April 26, 2019

Islamist preachers call for pro-military rally. Formation of the Trend of the Support of Sharia and the Rule of Law (TSSRL).

April 27, 2019


Protest leaders resume talks with the ruling TMC.

May 15, 2019

May 15, 2019

Military and civilians announce agreement on a three-year transition period.

May 16, 2019

Middle East Online

Talks postponed as military demands some barricades are removed.

May 25, 2019


Thousands of Islamists rally to support military-backed Islamic rule in Khartoum.

June 3, 2019

June 3, 2019

Massacre – Activists announce the suspension of talks with the military, accusing them of using force to disperse their sit-in.

June 4, 2019


Internet service suspended.

June 6, 2019

June 6, 2019

African Union suspends Sudan after the violent crackdown on protesters.

June 9, 2019

Anadolu Agency

Civil disobedience campaign started.

June 11, 2019


FFC agreed to end the civil disobedience.

June 12, 2019


16 military officers arrested in attempted coup d’état.

June 16, 2019


Trial of al-Bashir.

June 23, 2019

June 23, 2019

TMC turns down a proposal for power-sharing deal.

June 30, 2019


Massive protests take place on the 30th anniversary of the al-Ingaz coup.

July 3, 2019


Talks resume between TMC and FFC.

July 5, 2019


Provisional Agreement between the FFC and the TMC. The Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF) denounce the agreement and call for a meeting with the FFC.

July 7, 2019

July 7, 2019

SRF deny withdrawal from Sudan’s FFC.


July 9, 2019

Internet service restored.

July 11, 2019


Failed coup-attempt – 12 officers and four soldiers detained.

July 17, 2019


The TMC and FFC sign a political accord to form a power-sharing body. The SRF reject the agreement on the transitional document.

July 24, 2019

Radio Dabanga

Failed coup-attempt – Arrests included the head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the commander of the armored corps, and the commander of the Central District, as well as leading figures of the Islamist Movement. In total 54 arrested.

July 25, 2019

July 25, 2019

The political and armed groups within the FFC reach an agreement.

July 27, 2019

REUTERS - Umit Bektas

FFC rejects the findings of an investigation commission into the brutal attack on the June 3 massacre.

July 28, 2019


FFC finalize the comments on the Constitutional Declaration draft. The article on immunity from prosecution for the Sudan Armed Forces is removed.

July 29, 2019


Sudanese security forces open fire on a demonstration in Al- Abyad city.

July 30, 2019

Egyptian presidency

Hemetti meets with al-Sissi in Cairo. Curfew in North Kordofan after fatal shooting of five protesters.

July 31, 2019


Sudanese authorities released al-Bashir for hours to attend his mother’s funeral. His trial is also postponed to an undetermined date for security reasons.

August 4, 2019


FFC and TMC sign constitutional declaration.

August 17, 2019


FFC and TMC seal a power-sharing deal.

August 21, 2019

AP Photo

Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok and members of the Sovereign Council sworn in.

September 8, 2019


The transitional government sworn in.

October 14, 2019


The sovereign council and SPLM-N start talks in Juba.

November 21, 2019


Arrest of Ali al-Haj, the secretary-general of the PCP, on the background of the accusation of participating in the 1989 coup.

November 29, 2019


The law of Dismantling the al-Inqaz regime is enacted in a joint meeting of the Transitional Sovereign Council (TSC) and the cabinet council.

December 10, 2019


The Head of the TSC, Abdul-Fattah al-Burhan forms “The Committee of al-Inqaz Disempowerment”.

December 14, 2019

Middle East Online

Al-Bashir is convicted of corruption and sentenced to a two-year placement in a reform institution with the confiscation of his money.


March 9, 2020


Attempted assassination of Hamdok.