Summary: Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), known as the “Organization for the Liberation of the Levant” has experienced an escalation in the attacks it has been undergoing, which is now increasingly challenging the cohesion of its authority in Idlib. The Russian military campaign is increasingly threatening the HTS, whether through the continuation of its military campaign deep inside Idlib or by leveraging the possibility of Turkey responding to the Russian proposal to pressure the HTS. Internally, HTS and its civil arm, the Syrian Salvation Government, are once again facing popular demonstrations by revolutionary activists. HTS’s leader, Abu Mohammad al-Julani is also being attacked by the jihadist movement from within for his pragmatic policies and accusations of financial corruption. The HTS has a diverse set of options; either dissolving the organization as demanded by its opponents, entering a new phase of transformation as it has done before, or resisting the current pressures and sticking to the same formulation of the organization, which is the most likely scenario in this case. However, the regional and international stances, which are still uncertain, remain critical for the future of the organization.