This expert brief examines how Saudi foreign policy decision-making is evolving to meet the challenges of aligning interests in a world of growing great power competition and strategic rivalries.
The Gulf region has traditionally been heavily reliant on foreign defense supplies, particularly from the United States. This dependence was due in part to the security umbrella provided by the US
The recent influx of Ukrainian refugees into European countries invites a reconsideration of the anti-immigrant position adopted by the European far-right. Unlike immigrants from MENA, Afghanistan, and African countries, Ukrainian refugees received a warm welcome from Europe. Despite the declining number of refugees from developing countries
After nearly two years of relative de-escalation, the situation heated again in Libya by the end of the summer. The gradual and anticipated escalation peaked in August, with clashes inside the Libyan capital resulting in dozens of deaths and injuries Libya, Back to Square One?
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has created both risks and opportunities for regional stability in the Balkans. While there is serious concern that the instability triggered by the invasion may spill over into the Balkans
Climate Action in a Multi-Polar World: The Middle East and North Africa between Climate Change and Grand StrategiesKarim Elgendy | 04 October 2022 | TR
Incumbent and emerging great powers view the global socio-economic impacts of climate change as both a risk and as an opportunity to advance their grand strategies, with many integrating climate action into their respective grand strategies
The Future of the Iranian-Turkish Relationship: A Contained Geopolitical Rivalry or A Possible Escalation Between Ankara and Tehran?Mehmet Emin Cengiz | 20 September 2022 | TR
The Turkish-Iranian geopolitical rivalry has been growing increasingly tense as of late. Although the two countries have different political directions, priorities and conflicting interests
Chinese Hegemony, Economic Ties and National Security: Explaining China’s ties with Armed Non-State Actors in the Muslim worldMohammed Sinan Siyech | 24 August 2022
In recent decades, China has fast emerged as a rising regional if not global superpower with its military spending and technological advances among the best in the world. Simultaneously, the nation has also been taking a more aggressive and pro-active foreign policy to establish its presence globally. Amidst these ventures
Amid Iraq’s months-long ongoing government formation crisis since the 1 October 2021 general elections, the Iraqi parliament has recently passed a law that criminalizes relations with Israel. Although the law at first glance seems to have covered up the political dead-lock and gathered all the rival groups in support of the law, it is in fact in closely related to the both domestic and regional relations surrounding Iraq
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has created both risks and opportunities for regional stability in the Balkans. While there is serious concern that the instability triggered by the invasion may spill over into the Balkans, there simultaneously remains the possibility that Russia’s war in Ukraine may inadvertently activate mechanisms that will lead to lasting security for the region