President Erdoğan had a phone call with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin on Wednesday and discussed the resumption of the Black Sea grain deal. During the call, Erdoğan underlined that he views the grain deal as a ‘bridge of peace’ and reiterated Ankara’s decisiveness to exert intense efforts and diplomacy to reactivate the grain deal
After nearly two years of relative de-escalation, the situation heated again in Libya by the end of the summer. The gradual and anticipated escalation peaked in August, with clashes inside the Libyan capital resulting in dozens of deaths and injuries Libya, Back to Square One?
In Fezzan, Stateless Minorities Continue to Demonstrate for their Right to Vote Despite the fact that they consider themselves citizens, hundreds of thousands of Libyan non-Arab minorities are not officially recognised as Libyans. The [...]
While the established conflict lines in Libya between the Western-based forces in Tripoli and the Eastern-based forces in Benghazi and Tobruk persist, recent developments have put their relevance for Libya’s future into question. Analysts are still trying to understand the implications not just nationally, but also with regard to the plethora of external actors with interests in the country
Following the UN-mediated Libyan Political Dialogue Forum, Libya’s first national elections since 2014 were announced. In advocating for early elections as a post-conflict solution to instability, policymakers have failed to consider the reality of electoral participation for citizens. In actuality, voting is a high-cost low-benefit
‘Quietist’ Salafis, considered typically to reject politics, political activism, and violence, and instead focus on religious education and learning, are in many ways the ‘heart’ of global Salafism. They also have deep roots and a significant following in North Africa, including in Morocco and Libya