Abstract: As tensions rise in Idlib, the current political equilibrium in Syria no longer appears sustainable in the long run. The parties engaged there have various and often mutually exclusive goals. Europe is facing Syria fatigue and wants the problem to go away. Russia would like to further stabilize the country and start reaping the fruits of its Syria policy. Iran and the regime are still playing the long game, confident that their policy of inflexibility will continue to pay. Yet as in every game of chess, something must give eventually.